By Lauren M. McLaren
Why are a few regimes democratic whereas others will not be? in particular, how have Spain and Italy controlled to develop into democratic whereas Turkey, which stocks many comparable features, has now not? Spain, Italy and Turkey have shared universal historic gains which might were disruptive to any new democracy; despite the fact that they characterize a wide range of democratization reports. offering a comparative case learn research, this ebook bargains a few clues as to the explanations for profitable transitions to democracy. this is often performed via quite a number variables which come with: the measure of ‘stateness’ difficulties studying from past stories with democracy and authoritarianism financial improvement the systems used for designing the recent ideas of the regime the lifestyles or absence of ‘civil society’ and the relationship among society and political associations the democratic principles themselves the professionalization of the army the impact of exterior elements on democratic consolidation. via studying those variables around the 3 international locations, Lauren McLaren narrows the variety of attainable motives for modifications in democratic consolidation. The e-book can be of specific curiosity to scholars and researchers of eu Politics and Democratization reviews.
Read Online or Download Democratization in Southern Europe: A Comparative Analysis of Italy, Spain, and Turkey (Democratization Studies) PDF
Best elections & political process books
It doesn't matter what your political persuasion, The One-Hour Activist is your advisor to influencing lawmakers, applicants, and reporters. The One-Hour Activist unearths fifteen strong, confirmed grassroots activities that convince lawmakers and applicants to work out issues your way. Each motion is designed to snatch the eye of your representatives and construct relationships that serve your concerns over the long term.
The examine of the democratic transitions of former Communist states has been fertile flooring for college students of politics. This ebook offers a singular "ground up" standpoint through studying the ways that usual humans have considered and spoke back to democracy. analyzing a couple of international locations at diversified levels of transition, they argue that democracy has been understood in a different way elsewhere and with various degrees of approval.
In spite of everything of financial guy, lengthy well-known as a cornerstone paintings, Peter F. Drucker explains and translates fascism and Nazism as primary revolutions. In many ways, this ebook expected by means of greater than a decade the existentialism that got here to dominate the eu political temper within the postwar interval.
Extra info for Democratization in Southern Europe: A Comparative Analysis of Italy, Spain, and Turkey (Democratization Studies)
The role of external factors in consolidating democracy in the three countries will also be examined. The factors thought to be potentially causally related to differences in levels of democratic consolidation are brieﬂy outlined here and each will be explored further as they relate to our three case studies in the chapters that follow. These factors include: the degree of ‘stateness’ problems in the early phase of the transition and the regime’s handling of such problems; learning from previous (failed) experiences with democracy and authoritarianism on the part of elites and masses; economic development and economic crisis at the time of the transition; the procedures used for designing the new rules of the regime; the existence or absence of ‘civil society’ and the connection between such society and parties; the democratic rules themselves, particularly the clarity of rules regarding powers of various institutions and the degree of consensualism incorporated in those rules as well as the solution to stateness problems incorporated within the institutions; the professionalization of the military; and the inﬂuence of external factors on democratic consolidation.
Given the religious nature of Italian society at the time, the notion of the creation of a secular nationalism as promoted by the thinkers of the Risorgimento was likely to have rung hollow with most people residing in the new state. Moreover, Pope Pius IX (1846–78) required Italians to choose between loyalty to the Church and support of the new state, thereby dealing ‘a devastating blow to the legitimacy of Liberal Italy’ (Riall 1994: 79). Thus, it is possible that this disconnect between the state and society that resulted from the Church’s insistence that its followers exclude themselves from participation in the new state institutions was not fully resolved until the time of Mussolini’s fascist dictatorship, during which the state entered into a Concordat with the Church.
Moreover, it is an overwhelming majority in both regions that prefer unity, indicating that somewhere along the way, the nation-state building process in Italy was quite successful. What conclusions can we thus draw about the relationship between statebuilding processes and democratic consolidation in Italy? On the positive side, the Italian state appears to have faced relatively small-scale organized challenges to its authority in the form of armed resistance movements. 10 At the same time, if ‘stateness’ also refers to factors like the building of loyalty and common language, it is clear that the state had some way to go in consolidating its authority and this appears to have occurred simultaneously with democratic consolidation.