Download Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of by K. M. Jaszczolt PDF

By K. M. Jaszczolt

During this pioneering publication Katarzyna Jaszczolt lays down the principles of an unique idea of which means in discourse, finds the cognitive foundations of discourse interpretation, and places ahead a brand new foundation for the research of discourse processing. She presents a step by step creation to the idea and its software, and explains new phrases and formalisms as required. Dr. Jaszczolt unites the precision of truth-conditional, dynamic methods with insights from neo-Gricean pragmatics into the position of speaker's intentions in verbal exchange. She exhibits that the compositionality of that means might be understood as merger representations combining info from numerous resources together with observe which means and sentence constitution, different types of default interpretations, and wakeful pragmatic inference. one of the purposes the writer discusses are buildings that pose difficulties in semantic research similar to referring expressions, propositional angle buildings, presupposition, modality, numerals, and sentential connectives. She proposes strategies to leading edge difficulties within the semantics/pragmatics interface - for instance, what percentage degrees of which means can be unique; the prestige of underspecification; how a lot contextual details may be put within the illustration of the speaker's that means; even if there are default interpretations; the level of utterance interpretation at which pragmatic inference starts off; and even if compositionality is an important characteristic of the speculation of which means and if that is so the way it is to be outlined. The ebook is for college students and researchers in semantics, pragmatics, computational linguistics, and philosophy of language at complicated undergraduate point and above.

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Extra resources for Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication

Example text

If there is no stage of the interpretation of (3) at which the multiple readings are activated, no such ambiguity should be present in the theory Meaning Representation: Setting the Scene 13 either. The next step to take is to ask what levels have to be present in the theory. Unlike the technical notion of underspeciWcation, underdetermination is a fact of communication: sentences are frequently just guides to the full, intended proposition that has to be inferred. There is no methodological extravagance in acknowledging underdetermination: the fact that the physically uttered sentence is only a rough guide to the intended proposition does not yet mean that there is an underdetermined representation that is separate from some inferential completions.

Introducing underdetermination to semantic theory opened the way for more and more advanced proposals that obey methodological parsimony. In agreement with Occam’s razor and in particular with Grice’s (1978) ModiWed Occam’s Razor (henceforth: MOR) that advocates not multiplying senses beyond necessity, theories of meaning came closer to representing the cognitive processes involved in understanding utterances. 1, since the processing of utterances is normally fast and eYcient, the theory of this processing has to account for this speed and eYciency.

They can operate cross-sententially. By means of altering the interpretation rules, the additional level of semantic representation recognized in such dynamic approaches as DRT is disposed of. This is undoubtedly an ingenuous and highly parsimonious proposal from the methodological point of view. However, when the aim of the theory is primarily to reXect the cognitive reality of utterance processing rather than successfully to model natural language discourse from the formal point of view, representations are indispensable.

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