Download Decision Making in Criminal Justice: Toward the Rational by Michael R. Gottfredson PDF

By Michael R. Gottfredson

The learn of choices within the legal justice method offers an invaluable concentration for the exam of many basic elements of felony jus­ tice. those judgements aren't regularly hugely seen. they're made, or­ dinarily, inside of vast components of discretion. The goals of the selections should not continuously transparent, and, certainly, the significant targets of those judgements are frequently the topic of a lot debate. frequently they don't seem to be guided by means of particular choice guidelines. frequently the members are not able to verbalize the root for the choice of selection possible choices. sufficient details for the selections is generally unavailable. infrequently can the choices be confirmed to be rational. through a rationaldecision we suggest "that determination between these attainable for the decisionmaker which, within the mild of the data to be had, maximizes the likelihood of the success of the aim of the decisionmaker in that categorical and specific case" (Wilkins, 1974a: 70; additionally 1969). This definition, which stems from statistical selection concept, issues to 3 basic features of choices. First, it's as­ sumed selection of attainable judgements (or, extra accurately, of attainable choices) is offered. If just one selection is feasible, there is not any de­ cision challenge, and the query of rationality doesn't come up. frequently, in fact, there'll be a call, whether the choice is to make your mind up to not decide-a selection that, after all, usually has profound consequences.

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They are asked questions about common assault and theft victimizations that they may have experienced during the six months before the interview . About 130,000 persons are interviewed each year. The responses are then weighted (according to a commonly used procedure) to yield national estimates for the year. These data give the basis for the best available estimates of the extent to which victims of certain crimes, in exercising their discretion, decided not to invoke the criminal process, Also, they provide some clues to the wa ys in which this discretion is exercised.

Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. methods in seeking answers to this question. The first has been to ask victims directly why they did or did not report their victimization to the police. The second has been to study various aspects of the victimization-characteristics of the victim, the offender, and the event-as they relate to whether the victimization was reported to the police . REASONS FOR NOT CALLING THE POLICE Data from the 1981 National Crime Survey on the reasons that victims gave for not reporting their crime to the police are summarized in Table 1.

Shoplifting differs from the crimes already discussed in that the victim is an organization rather than an individual. It is also a crime of extremely low visibility. It often is not known whether inventory losses are due to shoplifting, employee theft, delivery fraud, or simply poor inventory accountability. It might be thought that when an organization rather than an individual is the victim of criminal behavior there would be less discretion exercised about informing the police. Studies of police referral of apprehended shoplifters indicate, however, that this is not the case .

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