By China Development Research Foundation
Urbanization is likely one of the significant demanding situations dealing with China. Of China’s 1.3 billion humans, round part nonetheless reside in rural parts. there was large migration from rural components to towns lately, a pattern that's prone to proceed powerful for a while. The traces that this titanic migration places on China’s towns are huge, immense. This booklet makes to be had for the English-speaking reader the result of a wide workforce of analysis tasks undertaken via CDRF, one in all China’s prime imagine tanks, into the main points of rural-urban migration, the ensuing city development and the issues linked to all this. The booklet is going directly to recommend a brand new process, which goals to make sure that China’s urbanization proceeds in an orderly demeanour and that individuals and their wishes are placed on the centre of the method. Key elements of the tactic comprise that 'city clusters' should still develop into the most type of urbanization; that those could be prepared geographically in a development of 'two horizontal traces and 3 vertical lines'; that business and employment constructions may still spotlight nearby beneficial properties and variety; that city public companies might be extra equitably dispensed; that there may be new varieties of urbanization administration and town governance to speed up urbanization and make sure harmonious social improvement; and that the full strategy can be performed in an ecological, 'green' way.
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Extra info for China's New Urbanization Strategy
The ‘concentration effect’ of cities, combined with economies of scale, has had a powerfully stimulating effect on the economy. In the ﬁrst place, urbanization has made a massive contribution to improving the efﬁciency with which resources are utilized. It has led to efﬁciencies in how land is used, including land for production, land for housing, and land for other facilities. It has enabled public use of basic infrastructure and improved the ‘public usage rate’ and ‘comprehensive usage rate’ of public services.
In the second place, urbanization has generated a huge amount of consumption and investment demand, which has propelled economic growth. Rural labor has migrated into cities in large numbers, with a corresponding increase in consumer demand. 34 percentage points (Cai Fang, 2006). Statistics indicate that expenditures on personal consumption on average in China in 2008 came to RMB 3661. 20 China’s new urbanization strategy Intra-provincial urban-rural income ratio Random-sample surveys show that average annual consumption in county-level cities came to RMB 8869, while average personal consumption in 36 large and medium-sized cities came to RMB 14,326.
9 per cent. In 1992, as symbolized by the ‘inspection tour of the south’ conducted by Deng Xiaoping, China’s reform and opening up entered a whole new phase. Since cities occupy a core position in market economies, their standing and role in China now came into full play. In May 1993, the State went further in ‘adjusting and improving’ the standards by which cities could be established. In that year, it approved the declaration of 48 new cities, administered at the county level. By 1995, there were a total of 640 ‘cities’ in the country, while the number of ‘administered towns’ had increased to 17,532.