By Dr. Yi-Bing Lin, Sok-Ian Sou
This ebook offers a whole and complete review of 3G UMTS charging companies
Evolving from offline billing of conventional telecommunications, charging for IP providers in cellular networks is not easy; charging convergence is among the significant traits within the telecom undefined. complicated cellular telecommunications comprises facts functions with real-time regulate and administration, and calls for a convergent and versatile on-line charging procedure. Such convergence is vital to mitigate fraud and credits hazards with the intention to supply extra custom-made info to clients approximately fees and credits restrict controls.
Charging for cellular All-IP Telecommunications presents finished and functional assurance of on-line and offline charging in response to cellular operator stories, and the most recent efforts undertaken by way of the UMTS standards.
Key positive factors:
- Presents a whole assessment of the telecommunications charging method, together with the evolution from 2G to 3G and all-IP community charging frameworks
- Discusses all administration points on the topic of charging and billing tactics, with a spotlight at the significant developments and advancements in the telecoms undefined
- Provides an outline of the telecom networks corresponding to PSTN, GSM, UMTS and IMS
- Covers the suggestions of the telecom charging on cellular companies and the hot applied sciences for enforcing on-line charging method, reminiscent of GTP’ and Diameter protocol
- Contains assurance on community nodes and knowledge flows when it comes to charging of cellular purposes, corresponding to IMS name and content material downloading
- Explains the IP-based on-line charging method, protocol info and up to date tendencies in charging for cellular telecom undefined
This e-book is a useful source for graduate scholars, telecoms and IP engineers, community provider services and process architects. info technologists and networking apparatus brands also will locate this publication insightful.
Read Online or Download Charging for mobile all-IP telecommunications PDF
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Additional info for Charging for mobile all-IP telecommunications
11(c)) transports the IMS user data trafﬁc. The MGW provides user data transport between the UMTS core network and the PSTN (including media conversion bearer control and payload processing). 11(j)) controls the media channels in an MGW. 11(h)) selects the network in which the PSTN (or circuit-switched domain) breakout is to occur. If the BGCF determines that a breakout is to occur in the same network, it selects an MGCF that is responsible for interworking with the PSTN. If the breakout occurs in another IMS network, the BGCF forwards the SIP request to another BGCF or an MGCF in the selected IMS network.
Precedence assignment represents an ad hoc action in that the user chooses whether or not to apply a precedence level to a call attempt. Precedence priorities include executive override, ﬂash override, and so on. When the executive override (the highest) precedence level preempts a lower precedence call, the executive override call changes its precedence level to ﬂash override (next highest level), so a subsequent executive override call can preempt the ﬁrst precedence call. Call waiting allows a customer to answer a second call when the customer is already engaged with a call.
The origin server retrieves and returns the requested resources to the WAP gateway which is responsible for encoding the content into binary codes. Then the WAP gateway transmits the encoded content to the WAP handset through the UMTS network. The user accesses the information by a micro-browser on the WAP handset. 8(d)). Three kinds of messages are deﬁned in WAP: • The WAP PUSH message is a specially formatted SMS message that displays an alert message allowing the user to connect to a particular Uniform Resource Locator (URL) via the mobile phone’s WAP browser.