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By Sonja van Boxtel

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G. Jia, 1998; Jia & Aaronson, 2003). In order to test whether there is a critical period during which people are more sensitive to language input, the amount of input in the L2 (ideally) should be kept constant. In most CPH studies in which participants are not selected on the basis of their proficiency, participants are selected on the basis of their length of residence in the L2 environment. In most of these studies, years of residence are either kept constant across groups or set at a minimum of, for example, five years.

2 below. ” AS-type: Meestal valt ‘ niet mee om kaartjes voor een concert te krijgen. 2) 5 In sentences like these, it is not clear whether the logical subject is in the normal syntactic subject position or not. It can be argued that it is not, however, in similar sentences with a constituent in between the complementizer and the logical subject, as in: i Ik heb gehoord dat volgens haar een pinguïn geen vogel is. 3) PS-type: In de krant wordt ‘ beweerd dat hij dronken achter het stuur gezeten heeft.

1997) tested 8 late French-English bilinguals with a low level of proficiency in an fMRI experiment. They found rather different activations for L2 compared to L1, including activation in the right hemisphere and a great deal of individual variation in activation for listening in the L2. Perani et al. (1996), did a similar experiment in a PET study. In this study, they tested 9 Italian-English late bilinguals with a low level of proficiency. In addition to listening in the L1 and L2, they also measured brain activity during listening in an unknown language (Japanese).

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