Download Automated Highway Systems by Petros Ioannou (auth.), Petros A. Ioannou (eds.) PDF

By Petros Ioannou (auth.), Petros A. Ioannou (eds.)

Experts tackle many of the major concerns and uncertainties linked to the layout and deployment of automatic road platforms (AHS). They speak about new AHS recommendations, know-how, and merits, in addition to institutional, environmental, and social matters - matters that might have an effect on dramatically the operation of the present road approach from either the automobile and infrastructure issues of view.

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SHLADOVER, Potential Freeway Capacity Effects of Automatic Vehicle Control Systems, Applications of Advanced Technologies in Transportation Engineering, ASCE Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 1991, pp. 213-217. S. E. SHLADOVER, Operation of Automated Guideway Transit Vehicles in Dynamically Reconfigured Trains and Platoons, Reports UMTA-MA-06-0085-1 through -3, PB 300513, PB 80-142862, and PB 80-198856 (1979). S. E. SHLADOVER, Vehicle-Follower Control for Dynamic Entrainment of Automated Guideway Transit Vehicles,!

In platooned operations, vehicles are clustered together in groups of up to 20 vehicles, with very short spacings between vehicles within the platoons and long spacings between the platoons. New arrivals to the study of AHS tend to regard platooned operations with considerable skepticism. The purpose of this chapter is to explain the reasoning behind the concept of platooning and the knowledge that we have gained about it in the course of the past 6 years of intensive study. In this way, we hope to overcome much of the misunderstanding of the concept that has been evident in recent commentaries on platooning and hopefully thereby address the concerns of the skeptics.

1. Platooning Is ~ry Complicated and Expensive The large majority of the hardware and software needed to make platooned AHS work are also needed for fully automated but nonplatooned AHS. It is impor- REASONS FOR OPERATING AHS VEHICLES IN PLATOOONS 17 tant to concentrate on those items that would need to be different in order to make platoons work. 2. The Sensor Requirements for Platooning Are ~ry Demanding Ranging sensors for the very-short-range application of measuring the spacings between vehicles within a platoon appear to be easier to develop than the ranging sensors that would be needed for larger-gap AHS operations, and much easier than those that would be needed for Adaptive Cruise Control or Collision Avoidance applications.

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